How to Remove and Install a Bicycle Tire & Tube

How to Remove and Install a Bicycle Tire & Tube

In this video, we’re going to show you how
to remove and replace the inner tube on a bicycle wheel. Hello Calvin Jones here with Park Tool Company. First, let’s go over the tools and
supplies needed. You will need tire levers to remove the tire
and a pump or CO2 cartridge to reinflate the inner tube. To learn how to select a compatible tire and tube for your wheel, see this repair help article at When riding, always carry a spare tube.
In the event of a flat, replace with the spare, and patch the damaged tube later.
For help with patching, watch this video. This process requires the wheel to be removed. If you are unclear on how to remove
the wheel from your bicycle, see this video: First, make sure the tube is completely deflated.
Remove any dust cap. If your wheel is equipped with a Presta valve
look first for any stem nut along the shaft. Loosen and remove this nut, then unthread the locknut at the tip of the valve stem. Press to let the air out of the tire,
squeezing out any extra air. A Schrader valve can be deflated by depressing the plunger inside the valve. For a Dunlop valve, unthread the cap only a few turns, then pull outward on the tip. Push both sides of the tire toward the center of the rim to loosen the bead from against the rim sidewall. Engage one tire lever anywhere on the rim
except right at the valve. Pull back and lift the bead out of the rim. Take a second lever a few inches away and repeat. Continue the process until you feel the bead become
loose enough to run the lever across the bead. Remove the second bead from the rim,
using tire levers as necessary. The tire and tube are now removed from the
wheel. Now we would replace the punctured inner tube with your spare tube. If you don’t have a spare tube,
you’ll need to patch your tube to get home. Watch this video for a full walk through on patching. If you have a flat, knowing the cause
can help prevent future flats, so always inspect the components:
the tire, the tube, and the rim. When possible, reinflate the inner tube to
at lease twice its normal width and look for leaks. By over-inflating the tube, you’re allowing
any small pin-holes in the tube to be detectable. Listen and feel for air escaping the inner tube. Be sure to inspect the entire tube. In some cases, immersing the inflated tube underwater will make the hole easier to find. If you plan to repair the tube, mark the hole, then deflate the tube. The type of hole tells us about how the tube was punctured, and helps us prevent another flat. A small pin hole in the tube may indicate
a puncture from a thorn or small wire. Feel carefully inside the tire body as you
look for thorns, pieces of wire, glass or metal. Remove whatever you find. If there is something stuck in the tire tread but it has not gone through the casing, the tire is not compromised. Remove the object from the tread. A single or pair of short cuts on the side indicate the wheel hit something while riding, such as a pot hole or rock. These are called “snake bites”, and can also be the result of running too low of air pressure. A blow out often appears as a large shredded hole. The tube may have poked out
through a rip in the tire casing. A blowout can also be caused by an
improperly seated tire. With the tube outside the tire,
it has no support and it blows out. This type of blowout looks like a long horizontal slit. If there’s a rip in the tire’s casing, the tire should be replaced as soon as possible. As a temporary fix, you can use the
Park Tool TB-2 Tire Boot. Peel the backing and apply
over the damaged area. If you have inspected the tube and find no
holes, it is possible the leak was at the valve core. Put some soapy water on the valve and
inspect for any bubbles. Schrader cores and removable Presta cores
can be tightened using a valve core remover such as the Park Tool VC-1. Finally, inspect inside the rim. Look for problems
such as holes or failure of the rim strip. Here, the rim strip is damaged at an eyelet, meaning it will not support the inner tube under pressure. In this wheel, the spoke is a bit too long
and is poking into the inner tube. Unfold the new inner tube. Put just enough
air into the tube for it to hold its shape. Install the tube inside the tire. To make it’s easier to find the tire’s pressure
recommendations when inflating, try to line up the valve with
the recommendations on the tire. Check for any arrows printed on the sidewalls
that indicate direction of wheel rotation. Align the tire with the rim accordingly. Engage the valve stem into the rim,
being sure to align it so that it is not crooked. A misaligned stem is likely to
get cut by the rim valve hole. Deflate the tire and realign as necessary. Work one bead at a time onto the rim. After one bead is installed, make sure the
tube is stuffed inside the tire body. Beginning at the valve, push the other bead
up and into the rim seat. Only when necessary, use tire levers to finish
the bead installation. Work with care not to pinch the inner tube,
or you may be repeating the entire process. Inspect the wheel to make sure the bead is
uniformly seated and the inner tube is not
poking out from underneath the tire. Partially inflate the tire and check to make
sure the bead is properly seated. It’s possible the tire bead can be seated
either up or down too much. Inspect the bead seat line for irregularities. If the bead rises up in one spot, deflate the inner tube and push it back down to re-seat the bead. If the tire dips down in one spot,
the bead needs to come up. Here, some extra inflation can help,
but use care not to blow the tire off the rim. If more air pressure did not pop the bead up, deflate the tire, and use a lubricant
in that spot, such as soapy water. Do not use grease or oil to do this. Once the tire is properly seated,
continue to add full pressure. For Presta valves, tighten the locknut at the tip of the valve stem. Install the threaded stem nut, if any. Snug the nut against rim after tire is fully inflated.
Install the valve cap if desired. And that’s the basic process of how to remove
and replace the inner tube or tire on a bicycle wheel. You are now ready to reinstall the
wheel. If you need help with that, watch our video:
How to remove and install a wheel on a bicycle. Thanks for watching, and be sure to subscribe
for the latest videos from Park Tool.

Only registered users can comment.

  1. Remember to watch out when checking the tire inside, in case you run your finger over a piece of sharp glass or something, I heard of this happening, much blood ensued…

  2. I wish I had seen this video long before. Also look for the vid where the guy teaches you how to take the tire off without levers just in case you forget them or you break them all, it saved me in my last flat!

  3. This guy is the mixture of Daniel Day Lewis as 'The Butcher' and P.H. Moriarty from Lock, Stock and Two Smoking Barrels.

  4. "And that's the basic procees of how to remove and replace the inner tube or type on a bycicle wheel!"

  5. I learned how to change a tire at he age of 8…if your in your 50s and barely learning…..well

  6. Great video. Very helpful. There was a piece of glass sticking out of the tire. Do I need to replace that as well as the tube?

  7. 5:55 he says to match up the wheel rotation with the rim. Can anyone help? I don't know what that means and nothing is listed on my rim to "match" the wheel.

  8. You didn't show how to put the tire back on WITHOUT using a tire lever. I just today taught my bro how to do that. So easy to accidentally damage the tube with the levers.

    Otherwise, great vid.

  9. I was considering making a bicycle repair youtube channel, but it looks as if there is no need for it. This is the most thorough, helpful, beautifully HD how to video series I've ever seen. Amazing

  10. If your wheel is a narrow clincher aka 700x23c combine a park tool with a crank brothers tool and it works much better. Y’all mountain bikers have it easy with your wide tires lol

  11. I use a lighter for taking out the rubber casing, tech from Mexico and Jamaica. No need for all those tools.

  12. I've had to get my tube replaced 3 times by a professional. Decided to finally learn how to do it myself to save money. This turned out to be very helpful. Thank you!

  13. When I was a kid and had the neighborhood bike shop, I used the handle of a 8 inch crescent wrench as my tire tool. Worked great for me.

  14. If u gotta watch a video on how to change a bike flat tire u don’t need a bike I’ve been fixing my on flats since I was 7 I can do it without that tool

  15. I fixed a flat with duct tape once I got a flat on way to work which is 2 miles five minutes from work I got flat and on lunch break I used duct tape to fix it temporary once I left work got home I just swapped tube with new one lol

  16. I worked in a bicycle factory about 50 years ago during the school holidays and if I'd been caught using any kind of tyre lever I would have been sacked.
    Best to use your thumbs.

  17. Soft tires, as shown in the video can be easily remove with or without this plastic tool but what about harder rubber tires won't the tool break if used ?

  18. Interesting… He said to carry a spare tube and then repair the old damage tube later which makes sense. I used to carry a spare tube but then I stopped carrying the spare to give me more space and just carried the patch repair kit. I guess the tube repair kit is gonna take lot of extra time with finding the hole and also rubber cement needs to fully dry to patch. Also I could also damage the tube beyond repair and then I won't be able to ride at all if I only carried the patch repair kit…. Best bike instructional videos on youtube.

  19. Any reason as to why the last bit goes on is so easy? Do you need extra muscle or something? I don't want to stretch the actual tire out but it's just not happening. I've taken it off and restarted three times already. How is this truly done without stretching something or using the tool too much?

  20. Just changed my first tyre today, it’s an easy process in theory but it made me struggle, finally managed to do it tho. Thank you for the clear video😁

  21. Important for me was to deflate the tube well when taking it off and inflating the tube partially before installing the tire. Otherwise it's quite difficult getting the tire off and on.

  22. i came here because yesterday i was doing it with a screwdriver, installed it backwards, tried to take it back off. the screwdriver slipped next to my left hand, and ripped my whole nail straight off. still in bandages and i havent cleaned the blood stains since.

  23. Great video. One additional point, before removing the tube from the tire, mark the tire where the valve is and the side of the valve towards you. This way when you inflate the tube and find the leak, you can hold the tube up to the tire in its original configuration and see where the leak was on the tire. Inspect the tire in that area. Then hold the tube up to the wheel, lining up the valve and the valve hole and inspect the wheel in the location of the leak. I never thought about if the rim tape didn't completely cover the spoke holes the tube could bulge into that area causing a weak point. Buying new rim tape today. Thanks.

  24. i tought there would be a tip for taking off tier from rim easier or to put it in easier… but looks its just the matter of size of tier itself… i am always struggling to take it off and put it back again, needs plenty of force

  25. Unless you have disc brakes then the tread direction pattern shouldn't matter because you can turn the wheel the right way when refitting right??

  26. Could you comment on adding a little talc powder inside the tire? As a kid I was taught to do that to prevent friction between tire and inner tube.

  27. That’s the first time I ever saw anyone used tire irons to change a tube on a bicycle rim? You do these by hand. You deflate the tube completely. So you are not fighting with the inflated tube pressure. Using tireirons can cause you to puncture/pinch the tube. Do it by hand

  28. I love the sound at 8.36🙂Problem solved🙂Took me 45mins to fit 2 new tyres & they're still not sat 100%😂On & off On & off & still not right. Fuck it.

  29. I don't really want to work on my own bike. I make my living doing bike delivery and it is also my only mode of transportation, so I am willing to pay someone to do the work for me. They will do the work far better and I will spend less of my limited free time servicing my ride.

    However, because I cannot do without my bike for even a minute, if I get a flat, I need it changed immediately so I can keep delivering or getting to and from work etc. Today I got a flat and took my e-bike to a local shop to see if they would change it. They said "no," apparently because an e-bike (motor on the hub) would be too much work? So I bought some tire levers, a patch kit, and a new inner tube for the future, watched this video, and my bike is looking good so far. Thank you for being a professional and reliable resource in times of need!

  30. Thanks to this video I was able to change my bike tire with two plastic butter knives, and a $1 multitool to help deflate my tire when needed to. Will say tho these instructions are if the tire are OFF the bike. My idiot brain tried changing it without taking off the tire

  31. I’ve done this hundreds of times, but thought I’d watch to see if I could learn to do it better, and sure enough I got some good pointers here. I especially liked the part about fixing the valve; I didn’t know that one. I’ve probably replaced a half dozen tubes because the valve wouldn’t hold air. Never again!

  32. Do I have to remove the tire before fixing it? I've seen my dad just take out the inside tube while the rest was still mounted

  33. It's amazing how much effort was put into this video. This guy should be in charge of the space program's maintenance needs.

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