In this video, we’re going to give you a basic overview
of how to repair a flat tire on a bike. We will remove the wheel, replace the inner
tube, and put it all back together. Hello, Calvin Jones here with Park Tool Company.
First, let’s go over the tools and supplies needed. Typical tools and supplies will include: Wrenches as needed to remove the wheel, if any Tire levers to remove the tire A pump or a CO2 cartridge system
to reinflate the tire and a spare inner tube. When riding, always carry a spare tube
if you can. In the event of a flat, replace with the spare,
and patch the damaged tube later. To learn how to apply an inner tube patch,
watch this video. If at any point you need a more detailed look at the
process happening on screen, click the more info button. Let’s get started. First, we need to remove the wheel.
If you have rim brakes, disengage the brake. This may be a quick release lever, a linkage
that must be manually disconnected, or a button at the brake lever. Now we can remove the wheel from the frame. It’s time to get the inner tube out of the tire. First, deflate the tube completely. Push both sides of the tire towards the center of the rim
to loosen the bead from against the rim sidewall. Engage a tire lever between the rim and tire bead. Pull down to lift the bead up and over the rim. Take a second lever a few inches away and repeat. Continue until you feel the bead loosen enough
to run the tire lever under the tire bead. Remove the second bead from the rim,
using tire levers as necessary. The tire and tube are now removed from the wheel. Since we recommend always carrying a spare tube,
this video walks through the replacement process. If you’re looking to repair or patch your
inner tube, watch this video. When servicing a flat tire, always inspect
the components of the wheel carefully for tears, damage, or foreign objects.
Knowing the cause of the flat can help prevent future flats. In most cases the cause of a flat will be
a small puncture in the tube. If the offending object is still present in
the tire, find it and remove it. If there are cuts or rips that go through the casing
of the tire, the tire really needs to be replaced. As a temporary fix,
we can use the TB-2 Tire Boot. A small puncture through the tire casing
won’t compromise the tire. And if a larger cut does not break through
the casing, the tire should still be okay. Be sure to squeeze the cut and inspect inside
for glass or other sharp objects. Now we install the tube.
Unfold the inner tube. Put just enough air into the tube for it to hold its shape.
Install the tube inside the tire. To make it easier to find when inflating your
tire, try to line up the valve stem with the pressure recommendations on the tire sidewall. Check for any directional arrows printed on the sidewalls and align the tire with the rim accordingly. Engage the valve stem into the rim, being
sure to align it so that it is not crooked. Work one bead at a time onto the rim. After one bead is installed, begin to push
the other bead up and into the rim seat. Only if necessary, use tire levers to finish
the bead installation. Work with care not to pinch the tube,
or you may be repeating the entire process. Inspect the wheel to make sure
the bead is uniformly seated and the inner tube is not
poking out from underneath the tire. Begin to inflate the tire. Add a little bit of air, then spin the wheel to check how the bead is seating. If the bead rises up in one spot, deflate the tire and push it back down to reseat the bead. If the tire dips down in one spot, the bead
needs to come up. Here some extra inflation can help, but use
care not to blow the tire off the rim. If more air pressure does not pop the bead up, deflate the tire, and use a lubricant
in that spot such as soapy water. Inflate the tire to full pressure. Tighten the Presta valve stem, and install
any stem nut and valve cap. The wheel is ready to install. We engage the smallest cog onto the chain. Seat the axle in the dropouts & tighten appropriately. Be sure to re-engage the brake. Verify that the wheel is centered in the frame
and the rotor is centered in the caliper. Adjust if necessary. That concludes the process of fixing a flat tire. Thanks for watching, and be sure to
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