How to Change Tie Rods (inner and outer tie rod ends)

How to Change Tie Rods (inner and outer tie rod ends)


Hey guys Chris fix here and today I am going to show you how to replace the tie-rod ends both the outside and the inside tie rod
ends very important for your steering and for
your toe alignment so I am going to show you how to do that now, so there is your tie rod you can see I can move this with my hand, it is very old 300,000 miles will do that to it. It is amazing they made it that far so here are all of the tools you are going to use for this job. You need a couple wrenches, screwdrivers, flathead
screwdrivers some lock tight thread glue a torque wrench, a breaker bar, hammer,
rubber mallet, needle nose plyers and a grease gun and the new tie rod inside and outside. You will also need an inner tie-rod tool which is this right here. You can rent
this for free Autozone or Pepboys or whatever the main part stores you use. So what you are going to do is take your needle nose plyers and open up the cotter pin so that it is straight. And once the cotter pin is straight, grab the other side and start pulling it out. there we go one cotter pin pulled out. Now you can put a 19mm or 3/4 ratchet or wrench on this. A nice long break a bar will help. Once you break it loose, use your ratchet and take the castle nut off. now there’s a tool that you can use that
goes in here and pry’s this up, but what I am going to do is take this castle nut and I’m gonna flip it over so screw it in this way. Good! Now I am going to take a hammer, I’ll use a rubber mallet just to be safe and I will pop it up maybe up [Metallic Hammering Noise] There we go. The tie rod end is out. Now this is the
interesting part there’s a nut here that they use for
your alignment because this affects your alignment. What you want to do is put your tie rod in and now we can unscrew this nut. You just want to break that loose like that and now we can take this out and you can see this spins freely… From the bottom here that’s that the bottom which is pointing down,
you wanna take this and you want to spin it. So that is one, two… and you want to count how many spins it takes to get this off. three, four, five, six… 18, 19… So twenty spins total, it took me 20 spins you get this off and
when you put the new one on you want to count twenty spins and the
reason why is it that your alignemnt isn’t completely out of alignment. You are still gonna have to get the car aligned after you change this but at least your alignment wont be so bad
that it’s dangerous to drive so you could see this moves around very
easily and has a little bit of play inside and outside so the inner tie rod end also needs to be changed, but we were going to do that anyway Now you can see, so the tie rod end works by steering the car when you turn the steering wheel it turns this which allows the car’s wheel to turn it goes all the way up into here, and now there is a boot here and you want to use a pliers to get
this off and there’s also a another one these except you have to break the clamp with a screwdriver, and I will show you that now. but that is all the way in the back so for this one, you just get the the same needle nose as before squeeze it and pull it out. all this is, is a little clamp to keep the boot on. Now little trick here is to use a
screwdriver a flat head and just bend this up a little bit. Not
too much because we are re-using the boots you just want to get it under here so we can spray some silicone or grease to make it slide off easier Now we just go in here, with a flathead screwdriver, carefully, without breaking the boot it’s
like that just like that… You see how the boot is up… get your WD40 or whatever some type of grease or silicone, which is what I am using and just spray it in there. and that will make the boot come off a lot easier because surprisingly, the boot is on there tight. the next thing we are going to do you see that clip right down there there is a clip right there, and what you are going to do is push the screwdriver in and turn the screw driver to open the clip it’s hard to see but I think you will get the idea when I do it. You just get the screwdriver in there and turn… [clicks open] and you can see it opened up, and now we can take the boot off. [Spray] OK, unscrew this nut here so we can take the boot off. take the bolt off, slide off your clamp, now take your bellows boot off good, so we’re gonna wanna quickly
inspect this to make sure there are no cracks looks good, so when we’re installing
it there is this right here that’s gonna slide over the tube
in there its going to slide over that tube which connects to the other tie rod on the other side of the car it allows for venting… so you can see the
tube on the top right and then you could see the inside tie rod right there with its ball
joint that is very loose, so now we’re going to take
that out. so here is the actual tie rod the inside tie rod and I just want to show you what is going to happen so that you completely understand this. so here is your adapter your adapter is going to fit on here, just like that. So when you turn the tie rod too, it grabs the end and turns it otherwise it would be hard to get a wrench
on here. You can do it you just have to see if you have access. The other thing to remember is
that there’s sometimes a pin in this so you have to take that pin out and that is what I am going to go check for now. You can see on this tie rod end there is a pin right here and this has to come off so you take a flat-head screwdriver you get underneith it, and you pry it out. you could see I’m just prying this up If you can’t get your screwdriver under here that easy, you could use a hammer and the screwdriver and just get it to indent a little bit. So you could see I’m almost ready to just knock this thing out Knocked it right out. So now we can unscrew this. Just like I showed you, your adapter piece goes right on top just like that. take your tie rod tool slide it in and then you put your ratchet on there. Once you break it loose like that this thing should come right out, and if it is not coming out easily remember there’s that pin in there that needs to come out first here are the two tie rods side by side the next thing you are going to do is make sure they are the same size the new one is a little bit longer so that is going to affect the toe but we’re getting an alignment anyway so
doesn’t matter. Now you can see I can move this really easily, that is the old one a single finger can move it around the new one… I cant even move it it’ll have to be on the car for me to move it. I’m going to get some blue thread lock this is the removable type
and I am going to put a little inside here Just like so… Now lets install the new tie rod. never took the old clamp out the clamp you have to break, take that out. here is the pin it’s not really reusable take our new tie rod and just tighten it by hand Once you cannot tighten it by hand anymore, Once you cannot tighten it by hand anymore, get your tie rod tool put it over the tie rod slide it on then get your torque wrench, for my vehicle it says torque to 66 to 74ft-lbs of torque I am going to torque it to 70ft-lbs Once you torque it, you are set. I am under the car and you can see the hole for the pin. That is where you push the pin in… I put a screwdriver head against the pin like this… and then I used a hammer to lightly tap it in. and now it’s all the way in. So remember before I was talking about the clip that is a sacrificial clip that holds on
the boot that you put your screwdriver in here and you twist and the clip opens up, well, it is only a one use clip so either you get a new one, which
they’re hard to find, but one temporary solution is to use
zip-ties I went to go get a bellows boot kit
to see if it comes with new clips and and it came with zip ties so although it sounds kinda cheap, the boot doesn’t really move very much so it’s okay to use a zip-tie…
It is not a permanent solution like this metal clip because a zip tie will eventually get brittle but until you can find a metal clip zip ties are a good way to go, and that is what I will use. You can also use stainless steel hose clamps with the nut that tightens it down The hose clamps are hard to find that are narrow enough to fit the boot. so zip ties work nicely in this situation. Now we are going to put the new boot on. You see that at the end of my screwdriver? There is that tube and you want to make sure you push this into that tube… So I actually tightened up the zip ties first up on the the boot, now I am going to slide the boot in. so now you just tighten the zip ties after you push the boot all the way on good Now we take our clamp, and bring it up Put it on just like that and we are done with the boot. so here is the new tie rod end we can see the new is nice and sturdy the old one moves really easily. It comes
with all the accessories the screw in the top, a pin, and a nut. So
they give you a new nut but it’s kinda small, so I will use the old one because it’s thicker. has more thread on it so it will lock
better. Just screw that old nut back on… It took me 20 spins to get this off so I will put it back on with 20 spins. It is threaded so we will start counting 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 ,7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13… 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20… OK 20 spins, face it down. Now will tighten
our nut up here. We want the nut to push against the new tie rod end. This will keep it from moving. I am going to put the grease valve on. Just screw it in by hand first. Now I will use a 5/16 inch wrench And just snug it down. You dont want to tighten this too much. Just enough, and that is good. Now we will put this into the knuckle. Line it up… push it through… Get your new castle nut and screw it on. That is how it should look. I set the torque to 46ft-lbs And tighten it until it clicks… [Click] when it clicks once, you do it again and
in that statement [Click] And then that is tight enough. we will now take our cotter pin and send it though the hole. good Now just bend the cotter pin around the castle nut Like so Now we’re gonna lube this up Put the grease gun on there and pump it with grease. you can see the rubber expanding and once it expands like that, that means you have enough grease in there and you just finish the job! You just changed the inner and outter tie rod ends! Now go get your car aligned. If the video was helpful, give it a “thumbs up” and if you like how to videos, and this was good, then subscribe. I upload how to videos weekly and it will help you save some money and fix your own car. If you want to see other “how to” videos, I will have links in the description. You can also click on any of the videos on the screen.

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  1. Nice vid but instead of zip ties you could put hose clamps on the boot , 2 big one put together , at least that's what I do

  2. If there is a power steering leak coming from this area, will this help the leak? Or do i really need to replace the whole rack…

  3. Thanks I just subscribed, it helps alot because I'm a rookie and bought a project truck and 02 Dodge Dakota SXT 3.9, it's great and I'm gonna keep watching 😎

  4. The same number of spins works if replacing with the same brand of tie rod end. There can be differences in length. 2-3 mm longer resulted in 2 additional spins per side and check steering wheel spins to lock side to side.

  5. Just a PSA on flipping the castle-nut and hitting it with a hammer, you should only do this if you intend to replace the tie-rod. It has a chance to damage the threads when you do this. Learned that the hard way.

  6. Thank you so much cris fix, your so kind unlike the other mechanics they are selfish. Keep it up the Good work sir, and i hope you may inspired many people like me♥️👊🏻👍😇

  7. 3,k thumbs down 👎. Show how we live in a world 🌎 with people that are bad individuals. I wish all the bad ones lived on an island all together so they can hate each other happily.
    Excellent job Chris fix like all your videos. Thank you for what you do for us.

  8. Since the new inner tie rod is longer, why not measure the difference and adjust the engagement of the outer tie rod end to match?

  9. Would you know what size wrench fits the inner tie rod? I have a 1999 Saturn and I can't figure out what size inner tie rod tool I need. Thank you.

  10. Thanks Chris, bought a 13 year old vehicle (for more than its actually worth thinking it would be okay overall condition. I was wrong). I had to completely redo the entire engine which broke the bank but after speaking with a friend (Mechanic) over Facebook he told me that they screwed me over and didn't even use KY 🤣

    I realised that my entire front suspension was also a complete mess and after paid quotation, I received for various stuff (they never quote me on everything, I realised that by taking the vehicle to various mechanics), I was informed by my friend that its a tactic used to get the job and once they have it they bring the other problems up and screw you on that as well. When I gave my friend the quotes, he told me they are trying to screw me again (different workshops) he explained that I can do it myself or even bring the vehicle over (he is 3 hour drive away) and he'll do it for free, just bring beers haha (he's an old school friend and a mechanical supervisor at a Toyota dealership).

    In the end because of him I started following your channel and have saved a ton of money and I even have tools now haha

    To give an idea how much I saved:
    Vehicle purchase: R35000
    Cheapest repair comb: +-R25000
    DIY cost: +-R5000 (and I have tools now)
    SAVED: +-R20000

  11. Idk if the problem im having is something like this but i had my tire rod and ball joint replaced a couple months ago and since then ive heard like something that sounds lime rattling change in my right side front end any1 have advice plse help lol

  12. that was an excellent DIY vid. Im still not sure if im up to the task, but after seeing this, i realized i made it bigger than it was!

  13. Lmao I need to replace my power steering rack and pinion in my impala. I was talking to my mom about it and we kept calling these tire rods. Maybe I should just junk the car and stop trying to fix it

  14. Muy buen video, bien explicado, claro y preciso, me gusto mucho, gracias por compartir y que dios te bendiga

  15. there is nothing to dislike on this video…..chris fix has save me money!!!!! You Fuckin Rock Chris!!!!!

  16. Perfectly done. Thank you. My 94 lesabre vibrates at 70 and shakes when I do a fast stop.
    I can turn both sides of the tie rods on the car. So, I'll start by replacing the inner and outer tie rods on both sides. THANK YOU.. Very good how to video !!!

  17. Chris looks like he was upset in this video comparing to the new ones! Greetings Chris!! And excellent job!!

  18. I have a 2005 toyota sienna. Are toyota tie rod ends better than the ones from autozone or any other part stores?

  19. Finding it hard to figure how 2.8k people gave this video a thumbs down. Chris has saved me a lot of money and taught me how to tackle a lot of jobs myself…from the Mustang Saleen that I had to my 1972 Torino and a few other cars, ChrisFix has been aces for me.

  20. At 5:27 do you know what the part is called with the lug nut to the right of the rod that you just took the boot off of? It’s on the top right of the screen 5:27. You haven’t touched so far at this point. Can you please tell me the name of the part I’m going crazy trying to identify that part so I can replace it on my car, it recently broke on my car. I need the part that has the lug nut, it’s a long piece of metal with other metal or plastic parts in between.

  21. Thanks again Chris, so far I have followed your instructions and replaced all 4 struts and front rotors and calipers and rear brakes and drums on a '99 Toyota Corolla I inherited with 49K miles and has been garaged all its life. There is some noise up front still after the struts, so I am now after the tie-rods. Hopefully it will be as easy as your video makes it out. I do notice that your gloves also ripped as my nitrile gloves do too. Have you found any more durable disposable mechanix gloves?

  22. Thanks for taking time to work and explain everything…..just name the parts correctly, you say bolt and is a nut or vise-versa, also why do you call a truck a car? call it what it is. And get yourself a tripod.

  23. Chris, does the new pin come with the inner tie rod? If not, where do you get one. Thanks man. Also, i saw you put the grease fitting on the top of the tie rod end. Does it come already greased, or do you need to grease it? Maybe i asked the question too soon as i stopped the video while you were installing it to ask. I do recall, you did have a grease gun in the beginning…maybe that is the answer. ha?

  24. I have a 05 honda civic manual
    The steering wheel shakes when i go about 60 or 70 but it only shakes when i let go of the gas pedal and when i accelerate it stop shaking can i get some help please

  25. My inner and outer tie rods didn't even really need changing (65,000 miles on a 15 year old Ford Fiesta) but I watched this and wanted to have a go so I changed them anyway. You're method and instructions are so clear!

  26. And this folks is how the car manufactures keep the average person broke. One broken/worn out thing after another.

  27. Wow, I'm no mechanic but why go through all the trouble of replacing the rod and not charging the boot with a new one or even replace the grease with new? Very well explained though. I do these work to my own cars not only to save money but to do it like I want it done. and thanks to you and many others who take the time to do this videos a nerd like me can also handle our own car issues. Proudly owner of 3 Mitsubishi Montero's. All 4×4 fixes are quite expensive so the more I learn to fix these issues the more I save.. ive been reaped off over and over by mechanics and this helps greatly. Thanks.

  28. Chris, Your pace of Instruction is fantastic. I see that you've gotten more dynamic nowadays
    (as per Lcbtcmal). I guess that's necessary to to have as many subscribers as possible.

  29. I did notice that the castle nut was on wrong. it is supposed to be crown down this is the one you were removing at the start of the video

  30. I just replaced my tie rods ends and the one on the drivers rotates back forth like he shows in the video. Did i get a bad part or do somthin wrong? Or is this somthing that just happens? Is the rotating ok?

  31. Can anyone comment on this for example? In the official documentation for Peugeot is says that you must secure the rack so it does not move during slackening-tightening of the rod or there is a risk of damaging the steering rack. I don't see Chris doing it here or anyone else on the YouTube, how come?

  32. So how did you know that this was a faulty part, what problems accrued for you to know that needed changing ?? Thanks be nice if you explained the problems that occur in your videos.

  33. Thanks for this video. I just got a Saturn Aura for free and there's noise in the left front that only happens when going over bumps.Even little bumps. It's not the wheel bearing or the axle so this is last thing it could be as far as I know. The tie rod moves easily like you showed at the beginning of the video. I feel confident that I can do this repair after watching this.
    Thanks so much.
    Last thing. Looking forward to seeing more of your HUMMER. I was in the Army when they came out. I was among the first to get one. It replaced my Viet Nam era jeep. I loved that thing. We could go practically anywhere with them. They might have been under powered but I didn't know it because it was so much better than the Jeep.

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